Introduction for General surgery Specialty

General Surgery Field is the field of surgery that deals with the most common surgical treatments. General surgeons specialize in the treatment of disorders of the abdominal area, breast, head and neck, blood vessels, and digestive tract. They also oversee the treatment of patients who have been wounded, have deformities, or have other problems that necessitate surgery.

What is treated in General Surgery Specialty?

Other than the operation itself, the specialist in general surgery is required to provide preoperative and postoperative care and treatment. General surgeons can detect a wide range of disorders, particularly those affecting the abdomen and its organs. Bile ducts, liver, pancreas, spleen, appendix, small and large intestine, rectum, and stomach are examples. The surgeon may also operate on the thoracic area, thyroid glands, and hernias. To some degree, general surgeons are also in charge of treatments involving the skin and the breast.

Burn survivors are also expected to be treated by general surgeons.  In addition to hospitals, they can be found at trauma centers and emergency departments.

Some Common Procedures in General Surgery:

A general surgeon has specific knowledge and expertise in diagnostic, preoperative, surgical, and postoperative treatment, as well as serious side effects management. From the most Common types of General Surgery are:


When the appendix becomes blocked and ruptures, it exposes the body to serious infections and caused considerable pain. The only method to avoid a potentially fatal appendicitis illness is to have the appendix removed, often known as an appendectomy.

General Surgery doctors do either an open appendectomy or a laparoscopic appendectomy, depending on the patient’s needs.

Breast Surgery

Breast cancer is one of the main general surgery diseases & one of the most frequent kinds of cancer (The Surgical Clinic, 2022), and mastectomy remains one of the most effective treatment options.

General surgeons most commonly do silicone gel implant restoration, saline-filled implant reconstruction, Diep flap reconstruction, and tram flap reconstruction.

Colon Surgery

Colon surgery, also known as colectomy or colon resectioning, focuses on removing part or all the colon to prevent or treat hazardous medical disorders. General surgery specialists often conduct colon resections on patients who are at risk of, or are suffering from, one of the following medical issues. Bowel Obstruction, Colorectal Cancer, Crohn’s Disease, Diverticulitis, and Ulcerative Colitis. 

Digestive Tract

The most common procedures in general surgery specifically digestive tract surgeries are Gallbladder Surgery & Gerd Surgery. 

Most gallstones that are too big for the gallbladder to pass normally cause the gallbladder to become clogged or irritated. As the number of gallstones rises, the patient will have more discomfort and worsening symptoms until the stones are broken up or the gallbladder is removed.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a disorder that causes acid reflux or heartburn on a regular basis. This is usually caused by a dysfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES prevents stomach contents from spilling into the lower esophagus when it operates correctly.