What is Internal Medicine?

Internal medicine is a medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of illnesses or internal Diseases.  

Internal medicine encompasses a wide variety of disorders that can affect the body’s internal organs, including the heart, lungs, liver and gastrointestinal system, kidneys and urinary tract, brain, spinal column, nerves, muscles, and joints. 

Although certain diseases affect certain organs, the majority of prevalent diseases – arteriosclerosis, diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer – can impact several internal organs. Internists are highly trained to identify and manage a wide range of illness causes.

Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is a frequent complaint that commonly affects a wide range of people of different ages for a variety of causes.
It can be divided into Acute or chronic abdominal discomfort, with various reasons ranging from constipation to serious bladder infection.
It might be a strong or mild discomfort that occurs in just one area of the stomach or all throughout, and it can be corenical or intermittent. Patients with abdominal pain frequently experience nausea, vomiting, fever, and dizziness as well as fainting. Treatment for abdominal pain often concentrates on addressing the source of the discomfort, thus we can successfully treat the root cause.
In many situations, reducing stress and eating a healthy and balanced diet can help manage most stomach conditions.

Arthritis

Arthritic joints are tender or inflamed, primarily as a result of damage to the smooth cartilage that surrounds them. Arthritic patients experience discomfort, stiffness, and soreness in the afflicted region (s).

 

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a lipid present in all cells that are used to produce hormones such as vitamin D and bile. While some cholesterol is essential, too much cholesterol is harmful and restricts the flow of blood through the arteries. This may eventually lead to a stroke. Cholesterol levels can be controlled by adopting a healthy and active lifestyle.

There are three types of cholesterol, each with different health benefits. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is indeed the “scary” cholesterol that builds up in arterial walls and inhibits blood flow. Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) also constricts blood vessels and contains the most triglycerides, another type of lipid that can induce pancreatitis if consumed in excess. High-density lipoprotein (HDL), the “good” cholesterol, transfers excess cholesterol back to the liver.

Congestive heart failure happens when the heart is unable to accept or produce enough blood to adequately nourish the rest of the body. This issue generally develops gradually when the heart weakens due to illness or abnormalities and is unable to pump adequately. Although congestive heart failure does not cause the heart to cease beating, it is a serious illness that needs medical treatment.

Congestive Heart failure is often a chronic illness; however, symptoms can emerge unexpectedly. Symptoms that occur unexpectedly could be more severe and rapidly worsen. Fatigue, weakness, irregular heartbeat, short breath, swollen legs, ankles, and feet, excess weight, and coughs are all common signs of heart failure.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects approximately 20 million individuals in the United States, accounting for almost 7% of the population. Diabetes is a metabolic illness that occurs when the body fails to generate or absorb enough insulin, a hormone that transports glucose into the bloodstream.

Diabetes comes in a variety of forms that impact the body in various ways; Type one diabetes is an autoimmune illness that targets the insulin-producing cells in the body. Type Two Diabetes is characterized by an insufficient usage of natural insulin and is influenced by aging, being overweight, and family history.

Gestational Diabetes is characterized by a lack of insulin in pregnant women. Women are more likely to develop type two diabetes as a result of this.

Hypertension

When the blood pressure streaming against the blood vessel walls exceeds the usual range, this is referred to as having high blood pressure. It is also referred to as hypertension. It’s written in two sets of numbers, such as 120/70. The first number is the systolic measurement, which represents the pressure when the heart beats. The second number is diastolic pressure, which is the pressure when the heart is at rest. High blood pressure occurs when the systolic value is greater than 140 and/or the diastolic reading is greater than 90.

There are various things you may consider taking to lower your blood pressure. If you are overweight, you should lose some weight. Consume a nutritious diet that is low in sodium and cholesterol. Limit your alcohol consumption, and Increase your physical activity. Take the medication prescribed by your doctor. Know what your blood pressure should be and aim to maintain it at that level.